There are total of 54278157 male persons and 49821295 females and a total number of children below 6 years in Bihar. This is especially the case in the towns of Jamnagar and Dhoraji, which each have traditional quarters inhabited by the Ansaris. CENTRAL LIST OF OBCs FOR THE STATE OF BIHAR Entry No Caste/ Community Resolution No. Syed Shahabuddin, the editor of Muslim India and a prominent voice on ‘Muslim issues’ — from the Shah Bano case to the destruction of the Babri Masjid — had for instance won the Lok Sabha seat of Kishanganj in 1991. The more elaborate construction of the ‘vote katwa’ (vote cutting) or ‘BJP ki B team’ (BJP’s B team) allegation targets Owaisi’s rhetoric of Muslim politics and questions his commitment to secularism and democracy. Bihar Rural Population 2011:-Of the total population of Bihar state, around 88.71 percent live in the villages of rural areas. In Baroda, they were invited by the ruling dynasty to help in the construction of public buildings from Rajasthan. The AIMIM’s entrance into Bihar politics may be an important step in the party’s expansion beyond its stronghold of Hyderabad. In North India, the community are known as Ansari or sheikh, while in Maharashtra the community are known as Momin or saudagar. They are among the more successful Muslim communities in the state, having made the transition from their traditional occupation to becoming successful businessmen. The AMP hoped to be able to negotiate for as many as 30 or 40 tickets, but its discussion with Congress and RJD fell short of its expectations. Period of Fast Growth (1951-2001) The region of South Bihar recorded fast growth of population from 1951 to 2001, little less than three time from 29.0 million to 82.9 million. In particular, the Momin Ansaris, or weavers, have long had organizations working for their collective upliftment and access to politics, such as the Momin Conference, which opposed the Muslim League before Partition and was merged by its leader, Abdul Qayyum Ansari, into the Congress after Independence. The Ansaris do not have any traditional social councils, but have an India-wide community organization, the All India Momin Conference. They are split into two groupings, the giyara gaonwala and the bais goanwala. The Ansaris of North India are mainly a landlord community, but some are small- and medium-scale farmers. While both claimed to represent the Pasmanda — marginalized caste-groups within Muslims — this bifurcation indicates an internal power imbalance: between the numerically larger and politically active Ansaris and the multiple other smaller biradaris (caste groups) who have been side-lined within Pasmanda movements. Voting for the first phase of the assembly election in Bihar took place on October 28 with a voting population of nearly 11.5 million in 71 constituencies across 16 districts. This shows that in most of Bihar, where on average Muslims make up about 17% of the population, candidates are unlikely to be elected with a rhetoric of ‘Muslim politics’, because they need to appeal to non-Muslim voters as well. Write to firstname.lastname@example.org. Many Momin are now successful entrepreneurs and professionals such as teachers, engineers and doctors. Km. The AIMIM had to appeal to Seemanchal’s two largest social groups among Muslims. BJP slams Congress for fielding AMU ex-student president in Bihar, calls him ‘Jinnah supporter’ Former AMU students union president Maskoor Usmani, fielded from Jale, is one of Congress' 12 Muslim candidates in Bihar. The AIMIM’s winning candidates hail from the numerically dominant community of their respective constituencies: Surjapuri Shaikh for Akhtarul Iman, Anzar Naeemi, and Izhar Asfi in Kishanganj and Purnia districts, and Kulhaiya for Shahnawaz Alam in Araria district. The title of 'Wazir Khan' by which he is remembered by posterity was granted him by Shah Jahan, and literally means a 'Wazir', or Vizier, a 'Minister/High Court Official'. This idea blames Owaisi for participating in Hindu-Muslim polarization on an equal footing with the BJP, supposedly contributing to bolstering politicians with majoritarian claims and side-lining the potential weight of Muslim voters. Thus, the local standing of candidates was crucial for the AIMIM’s victories in Bihar — combined with the popularity of Asaduddin Owaisi and Akhtarul Iman, and, in some places, a subtle balance between local dominant communities. Bihar Assembly election 2020 was the first post Covid-19 ... Out of 123 million population around 80 million are youth population. While the AIMIM has made its entrance in Bihar in the latest elections, its candidates are also not new to politics, but are professional politicians. What appears clear from the fate of Muslim candidates is the unambiguous vote against the NDA. They are one of the larger Muslim communities in Rajasthan, and re found in the districts of Tonk, Jaipur and Sawai Madhopur. This people group is only found in India. The AMP’s message is clear and simple: Ansaris represent 11% of Bihar’s population but there is neither an MLA nor an MP from the community. B. K. Lavania, D. K. Samanta, S. K. Mandal & N. N. Vyas (eds.). On the night of the election results, Congress spokesperson Pawan Khera held that Owaisi’s politics spark radicalization among Muslim youth by seeking to counter the BJP’s radical discourse. Yet accusations of the AIMIM being responsible for the MGB’s failure to win enough seats to form the government were repeatedly expressed. Quite a few are now involved in tailoring and the manufacture of bidis, a local cigarette. Besides, couldn’t this polarization be the result of the long-term political work of other parties and candidates, whether in the NDA or the MGB? Asaduddin Owaisi with the newly elected AIMIM MLAs from Bihar | AIMIM (Facebook). The lack of political representation of the marginalized among the Muslims persists in spite of the creation in 2019 of a new organization that aimed to solve this issue. The Congress seemed to pursue its long-term association with Muslim elites, by picking candidates who tend to be Ashraf, well-educated, with links with educational centres such as Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) or Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi. The current literacy rate of BIHAR is about 63.82 % as per 2011 calculation. Their main occupation is weaving, and they use both hand-held and power looms. The community are found throughout India, but Varanasi District, in Uttar Pradesh, is always regarded by most Momin as the centre of their community. The anti-NDA stance of Muslim voters also shows in the fact that the Lok Janshakti Party (LJP), which tried to project itself as an ally of the BJP and an opponent of the JDU, could not get any of its seven Muslim candidates elected. They speak the Sadri dialect, which is distinctive to the community, although most have knowledge of Urdu. Google Map of Bihar. Our typology of political dynamics among Muslims is incomplete without mention of caste-based or identity politics. More recently, it is also in Bihar that such mobilization significantly re-emerged in a new form. Bihar with a total population 128 million people is the most densely populated state among all states forming Eastern India. R.B. The Surjapuris — considered to be Shaikh and therefore part of the dominant Ashraf cluster — are in large numbers in Kishanganj district, while the marginalized Kulhaiya — who were included in the category of Extremely Backward Classes created by Nitish Kumar’s government in 2005 — constitute a significant group in Araria district. The Ansari are strictly endogamous and practice both parallel and cross cousin marriages. The party’s anti-BJP rhetoric that invoked the charged atmosphere of the anti-Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA) protests fostered wide popularity among Muslim youth. The AIMIM’s rise in Seemanchal attracted media attention and much condemnation from the Congress party and the RJD. Yet, even if a consolidation of the Hindu vote could be ascertained, the causality with the AIMIM’s politics remains unclear, as the BJP has gained new seats in area with little Muslim population as well. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, many members of the Momin Ansari community migrated to Pakistan and settled mainly in the Sindh province. Their socio-economic condition has constantly improved. The JDU’s Muslim candidates, whether in Seemanchal (Araria, Thakurganj, Kochadhaman, and Amour) or elsewhere (such as Sikta, Dharbhanga rural, and Marhaura, or Mahua), all came second or third. This is true even in constituencies where the Muslim population is above the state average, such as in Madhubani and Dharbhanga districts (where Muslims number more than 30% of the population in several constituencies). None of the 11 Muslim candidates fielded by the JDU were able to win, even in seats with a high Muslim population, such as Sheohar. In other words, the fact that the AIMIM contested these seats did not siphon off enough votes from the MGB to be responsible for its defeat. In Baisi, Syed Ruknuddin Ahmad had previously won as an independent in 2005 and had later joined the JDU. Before this cabinet decision was taken, Bihar had 12 nagar nigams with population of over two lakh, 42 nagar parishads with population of 40,000 to two lakh, and 88 nagar panchayats. Lal, P.B.S.V. They have always been connected with the textile work. According to the reports, Ansari, a former MP and a prominent Muslim leader in Jharkhand, had questioned about the manner in which Rahul Gandhi did campaigning in Bihar during the assembly elections. In the Muslim majority areas, on the other hand, a space opens up for ‘Muslim politics’, that is, a political discourse that stresses the need for Muslims to be politically represented on their own terms and to voice community-specific concerns. Seats where Muslim JDU candidates had won in 2015 thanks to the RJD-JDU alliance now went to the MGB candidates (Sheohar, Sikta, Thakurganj) or the AIMIM (Jokihat, Kochadhaman). Yet, its candidates were often directly pitted against the BJP rather than the smaller parties, in part explaining its low strike rate. The former MP said that the Congress scion had kept mostly MBA graduates to work in his office and act as his advisors, who have failed to give proper advice to him. They speak Gujarati with substantial Urdu loanwords. The Seeemanchal region of Bihar, which comprises Purnia, Katihar, Kishanganj and Araria districts, accounting for 24 assembly seats, holds the key to power, say Bihar watchers. Bihar Population 2020 –110.50576 Million.  There are many people outside South Asia with the surname Ansari; however, this article is strictly about a Muslim South Asian community. However, the question of polarization deserves more discussion. The Rajasthan Ansari are members of the Moin Conference, as well as having local informal clan councils, which deal with inter community disputes, while the Momin Conference acts as a pressure group dealing with the state government. Caste system in Bihar. Bihar Election Result 2020: RJD's Javed Ansari ahead from Banka seat Counting of votes for 243 Bihar Assembly seats to begin at 8 am today Marvel unleashed! Not only is there a continued over-representation of Ashraf among Muslim candidates and elected MLAs (16 Ashraf against 3 Pasmanda this year), there are also very few biradaris represented of the total number of caste groups. Now, the number of nagar nigams is set to be 17, with 74 nagar parishads and 191 nagar panchayats. Their relationship with the Sadh community is of some importance, as they supply the Momins with the cotton cloth used for printing.:985. In areas where they are not in a majority, Muslims seem subject to a kind of minority syndrome and thus more concerned with security than with collective assertion. The traditional occupation of the Ansari is still textile work. B. V. Bhanu, B. R. Bhatnagar, D. K. Bose, V. S. Kulkarni and J. Sreenath (editors), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Momin_Ansari&oldid=990343528, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 November 2020, at 02:23. The Ansaris are Muslims of the Sunni sect. In spite of the AIMIM’s past and the occasional radical actions of some of its members (Akbaruddin Owaisi’s Karimnagar speech of 2013 or the agitation against Taslima Nasreen in 2007), the party’s popularity and electoral successes in recent years do not rest on a radical discourse but operate within the framework of electoral democracy. The main organizer of the AIMIM in Bihar, Akhtarul Iman — who won in Amour with a margin of 52,000 votes — had been a Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) MLA between 2005 and 2014. Muslim voters identified the JDU not so much as a Bihar-based party that is able to deliver on governance, but as an alliance breaker and an ally of the BJP…. The Garana Ansari community in Gujarat are found mainly in the districts of Junagarh, Ahmedabad, Surat and Kutch. In Jokihat, the contest was a family affair. The Momin were historically a community of weavers, found mainly in the towns and cities of western Maharashtra. In the minority context, the need to vote for a winning candidate against the NDA trumps any possible biradari affinity among Muslims. They are strictly endogamous, and tend to marry close kin. Join Facebook to connect with Qyam Ansari Bihar and others you may know. Yet Seemanchal is not new to Muslim politics. & Date 1. However, the AIMIM’s MLAs represent less than a third of the 19 Muslims who were elected to the assembly this year. In addition to membership in the Momin Conference, the Gujarat Ansaris also have their own clan association, Garana TitaFari Jamaat. The population of the Bihar … The volume provides a complex portrait of the chieftains of Bihar and their relationship with the Mughal Empire as well as their role in the consolidation and expansion of the Mughal Empire in India. Abdal 12011/68/93-BCC(C) dt 10.09.93 2. The only Congress Muslim candidate from a marginalized Muslim community was Abidur Rahman in Araria, a seat with a strong Kulhaiya presence, and he was re-elected. The updated information about total districts of BIHAR, population, literacy rate, current MP and other details are given below. Khera spoke of a “mutually reinforced radicalization” that makes Owaisi a “partner with right-wing radicalization”. The BIHAR state is spread in about nearly 94,163 km area. Pasmanda politics has not so far proved itself to be an electoral force…the need to vote for a winning candidate against the NDA trumps any possible biradari affinity among Muslims. Facebook gives people the power to share and makes the world more open and connected. The Momin of Maharashtra are also known as Ansari or saudagar The level of literacy is steadily increasing, and many Ansari are now graduates. The AMP argues for self-representation in proportion to their population share, as indicated by the slogans “apni qayadat, apni siyasat” (our leadership, our politics), “jiski jitni abadi, utni hissedari” (participation proportional to our population). With an annual growth rate of 2.5% in its population, Bihar is the third largest state of India after Uttar Pradesh (1st) and Maharashtra (2nd). Many Ahmadabad Ansari are now power loom owners. The region, which is also considered the most backward in Bihar, has a 47% Muslim population as against Bihar’s state-wide average of 17%. It has an area of 94,163 sq. It is also the World’s third most populous sub-national entity. Historically, the community produced the sage, scholars and philosopher. Many of them are engaged in zari work, which involves sari embroidery. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Like other Ansaris, they were historically into the textile work, although most of them are medium- and small-scale farmers. The role of ‘kingmaker’ that some analysts expected the party to play did not materialize — the AIMIM’s five seats were not enough to help the Mahagathbandhan (MGB) form a majority, were it indeed to join the alliance. Out of three Ansari candidates picked by the large parties (Anjum Ara of the JDU in Dumraon, Qayamuddin Ansarin of the CPI (ML) in Arrah, and Javed Iqbal Ansari of the RJD in Banka), none managed to emerge victorious. When looking at Muslim political participation in Bihar, one of the interesting characteristics of the state is that it includes both Muslim minority and majority (or near-majority) areas. In Jharkhand, they are mainly found in Koderma, Hazaribagh, Gumla, Ranchi, Lohardaga and Singhbhum districts. While three sitting RJD Muslim MLAs were defeated in their own constituencies, the party incurred the loss of an important figure, Abdul Bari Siddiqui, and could not successfully fill the void left by the death of its four-time MLA Abdul Ghafoor. As per the estimates of the 2011 census, out of a total of 392181 population, 33.34% is rural and 66.66% is urban population. The Ansari have no traditional clan association, but are members of the All India Momin Conference. The population growth rate recorded for this decade (2001-2011) was 88.71%. For instance, in the former RJD constituency of Jale, the Congress fielded Mashkoor Ahmad Usmani, a former president of the AMU student’ union. Their traditional occupation was textile work, and many Momin have set up handlooms. The AMP argues for self-representation in proportion to their population share, as indicated by the slogans “ apni qayadat, apni siyasat” (our leadership, our politics), “ jiski jitni abadi, utni hissedari ” (participation proportional to our population). Love Taboos: Controlling Hindu-Muslim Romances. (Shaikh alım ud-din Ansari),known as Nawab Wazir Khan was the governed of Lahore at the time of Mughal emperor Shah jahan. Congress veteran Furkan Ansari blames Rahul Gandhi for fiasco in Bihar polls Divy Khare / TNN / Updated: Nov 18, 2020, 08:50 IST Facebook Twitter Linkedin EMail Usmani got more than 65,000 votes (38%) but could not defeat the BJP candidate. Muslim politics and the 2020 Bihar Election, subtle balance between local dominant communities, Muslim (majority) politics: The AIMIM’s foray in Seemanchal. The party is contesting on 70 seats. These have all but disappeared. In none of the constituencies where the NDA won and the MGB came in second place did the AIMIM obtain a vote share greater than the winning party’s margin. In the mid-1990s, Ali Anwar launched the Pasmanda Muslim Mahaz, and Ejaz Ali established the Backward Muslim Morcha. Their primary language is Urdu. The Momin Conference was founded in Bihar, and the Bihar Ansaris have played a key role in the organization.. In Bihar, they are found in all the districts. In terms of males, the literacy rate is 73% and 54% for females, recording a growth of 20% in female education over the time of 10 years. The money you spend at Ansari … The India Forum welcomes your comments on this article for the Forum/Letters section. :972–976, The Shaikh Ansari are an Urdu-speaking community, and are said to have immigrated from Delhi, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh some three hundred years ago. Those Momin who have set up powerlooms tend to be more successful. The Bihar is a state of India which is situated in the Eastern part. While they may offer a way of creating a political base for a leader, they are undermined by individual opportunity seekers. Bihar stands out as a bastion of caste-based mobilization by marginalized Muslim groups. The AIMIM’s push on the basis of a rhetoric of Muslim politics is significant but does not tell the whole story. The Momin are Sunni, and are a fairly orthodox community. In fact, he even nominated a woman of Ansari community as the candidate. The Muslim population in these seats is 40 to 70%. Females: 49821295. The primary religion practiced by the Ansari-Momin is Sunni Islam, the largest branch of Islam. Quyamuddin Ansari's educational qualifications are: Post Graduate and is 48 years old. The Artisans of Benaras Popular Culture and Identity, 1880h-1986 Orient Longman, People of India Bihar Volume XVI Part One edited by S Gopal & Hetukar Jha pages 70 to 74 Seagull Books. These orphans come from all over the Indian state of Bihar; many were given up by their families due to extreme financial poverty. Shahnawaz Alam, the son of eight-time MLA and one-time MP Muhammad Tasleemuddin, was contesting against his elder brother, Sarfaraz Alam of the RJD, who had been elected three times to the assembly seat (with the RJD in 2000 and then the Janata Dal (United), or JDU, in 2010 and 2015) and once to a parliamentary seat in a by-election (with the RJD in 2018). The percentage of male population is 52.14% The percentage of female population is 47.86% Males: 54278157. [T]he local standing of candidates was crucial for the AIMIM’s victories in Bihar. In that city, the Ansari are said to make up a third of the city's population. Bihar has the worst doctor-population ratio in the country, with only one doctor serving 28,391 people, and anxieties around the virus played a big part in the debate. In spite of the AIMIM’s past and the occasional radical actions of some of its members … the party’s popularity and electoral successes in recent years do not rest on a radical discourse but operate within the framework of electoral democracy. This organization acts as a welfare organization, as well as lobbying on behalf of the community.:1473–1478. Many members of the community have entered private or government service. Population in Bihar is more than eighty two millions. Please note that Ansari House is a home where my wife and I are raising 18 orphans alongside our four biological children. If the 2020 Bihar election did about bring some changes to minority politics, other long-standing trends are still at work in the shaping of state-level politics. Bihari Muslims are people originating and tracing descent from the Indian state of Bihar who practice the religion of Islam.. The Ansari community, Wasim Ansari of the Mahapanchayat says, comprises 11% of the total 17% Muslim population in Bihar, but lacks political representation. The winner in Bahadurganj, Anzar Naeemi, had been candidate on a RJD ticket in 2010 and joined the AIMIM only in August 2020. Momin of Maharashtra. The Momin Ansari is mainly settled in Karachi and Hyderabad cities of the Sindh province. They are part of the South Asia Muslim - Ansari people cluster within the South Asian Peoples affinity bloc. But many Shaikh Ansari have also diversified, and now own hotels and bakeries. Owaisi explicitly states the need for ‘Muslim politics’, as for instance in this interview: “The realization among Bihar Muslims and everywhere is that we require an independent political voice.” This worked well this time in Seemanchal, where in 13 constituencies Muslims account for at least 40% of the population. 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